Resources

   

 

 Below are some published articles on Mindfulness in Schools, Breathing exercises and Relaxation for children.
 

 Article on Managing Stress by Breathing:

Breathing to reduce stress - Better Health Channel. Stress can be managed and reduced with proper breathing. Shallow breathing is a typical stress response. Hyperventilation can prolong anxiety and stress. Abdominal breathing techniques soothe the nervous system and encourage health benefits, such as reduced blood pressure.


• Mindfulness and Meditation Research Articles:

Black, D. S., Milam, J., and Sussman, S. (2009). Sitting-Meditation Interventions Among Youth: A Review of Treatment Efficacy. Pediatrics, 124 (pp. 532-541). A review of 16 empirical studies, from 1982 to 2008, found that sitting meditation, including mindfulness and Transcendental Meditation practices seems to be an effective intervention in the treatment of physiologic, psychosocial, and behavioral conditions among youths ages 6-18. Further research is needed to advance our understanding of sitting meditation and its use as an effective treatment modality among younger populations. 

Davidson, R. J. (2010). Empirical Explorations of Mindfulness: Conceptual and Methodological Conundrums. Emotion, 10 (1), 8-11. Describes the central challenges to the study of mindfulness-based interventions: better descriptions of intervention practices (e.g., length of training and criteria for success), the need to understand control and comparison groups used in studies, self-reporting that may bias results, and the need to better understand the emotional processing targeted by meditation.

 

• Article on Progressive Muscle Relaxation for Children: 

Koeppen, A.S. (1974).  Relaxation training for children. Elementary School Guidance and Counseling, 9, 14-21. Examples of scripts for teachers or facilitators in guiding children through progressive muscle relaxation.